Agency hearing decisions are published in official reporters and in many commercially published sources. Rulings by an administrative law judge or administrative tribunal are available in both print and electronic formats. For example, administrative hearing opinions from the National Labor Relations Board are available in the print sources Decisions and Orders of the National Labor Relations Board Government Printing Office and Labor Relations Reference Manual Bloomberg BNA, and electronically on the National Labor Relations Board website, . For a listing of official and commercial titles of federal agency decisions, see How to Find the Law, Appendix D 9th ed. 1989Call No. KF240 . C538, located at the Reference Desk, or visit the University of Virginia Library’s Administrative Decisions website, decisions, to see links to collections of online federal administrative agency decisions arranged by agency name and subject. he Law School Data Assembly Service LSDAS, operated byLaw Services, is just what its name implies: a service thatassembles your law school admission information, compiles areport about you, and forwards that report to each of thelaw schools where you apply. Using the LSDAS is notoptional. If you want to attend an ABA approved law school,you must register with the LSDAS and follow its procedures. If you plan to apply to law schools within a year aftertaking the LSAT, then you should register for the LSDAS atthe same time you register to take the LSAT.
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The scope of judicial review may be limited to certain questions of fairness, or whether the administrative action is ultra vires. In terms of ultra vires actions in the broad sense, a reviewing court may set aside an administrative decision if it is unreasonable under Canadian law, following the rejection of the "Patently Unreasonable" standard by the Supreme Court in Dunsmuir v New Brunswick, Wednesbury unreasonable under British law, or arbitrary and capricious under U. S. Administrative Procedure Act and New York State law. Administrative law, as laid down by the Supreme Court of India, has also recognized two more grounds of judicial review which were recognized but not applied by English Courts, namely legitimate expectation and proportionality. The actions of executive agencies and independent agencies are the main focus of American administrative law. In response to the rapid creation of new independent agencies in the early twentieth century see discussion below, Congress enacted the Administrative Procedure Act APA in 1946. Many of the independent agencies operate as miniature versions of the tripartite federal government, with the authority to "legislate" through rulemaking; see Federal Register and Code of Federal Regulations, "adjudicate" through administrative hearings, and to "execute" administrative goals through agency enforcement personnel. Because the United States Constitution sets no limits on this tripartite authority of administrative agencies, Congress enacted the APA to establish fair administrative law procedures to comply with the constitutional requirements of due process. Agency procedures are drawn from four sources of authority: the APA, organic statutes, agency rules, and informal agency practice. It is important to note, though, that agencies can only act within their congressionally delegated authority, and must comply with the requirements of the APA.