It is well known that Russian courts remain under funded. However, the cumulative economic costs suffered by both state and private enterprises as the result of under performance by various judicial institutions, especially by the courts of general jurisdiction and the arbitration courts, is at least twice the order of magnitude as the financial burden carried by the state and society in financing such judicial institutions. The elimination of under funding of the courts would definitely improve the efficiency of their work and be worthwhile. Lawyers refer to ‘the rule of law’ because a society which is governed without law leaves ordinary people at the mercy of the arbitrary abuse of power by those who are simply powerful. In some countries the rule of law is absent – think of Cambodia during the rule of Pol Pot and the Khmer Rouge, for example – and when that happens, life is very difficult for ordinary people who have no way of protecting themselves from the powerful. In societies where the rule of law exists, people may even be relatively unaware of it, because their life is not interfered with by corruption and abuse of power. Australia is a country where the rule of law mostly exists, and although its legal system is not perfect in every respect, it does restrain unfettered power in many respects. Lawyers can use the law to hold governments accountable. If you want to write a postdated check just hoping it won't be cashed before a certain date, check your state's law first. Some states, including California and Georgia, place responsibility on check writers to ensure their checks are not cashed or deposited too quickly. Other states, like West Virginia, place responsibility on the person the check is written to.
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Judicial reform is often done as a part of wider reform of the country's political system or a legal reform. The President of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, Valery Zorkin, gives in his article, "Twelve Theses on Legal Reform in Russia", first published in Russian magazine «Legislation and Economics», N. 2, 2004 an explained correlation between legal and judicial reform: "Complete legal reform should normally include not only judicial reform, but also reform of various aspects of the structural system and content of legislation, legal education, legal awareness by the population, and also the corporate consciousness of the whole legal community. Judicial reform usually aims to improve such things as law courts, procuracies, advocacy bar, inquest, executory processes, and record keeping. " . Legal reform can be the «driver» for all other reforms, including reform of the economy.